Positive Psychology- In Europe

In Europe, positive psychology researchers tend to take a critical, wide-ranging methodological approach to the inquiry of optimal human functioning. The use of diverse epistemological research designs qualitative designs (Hefferon, Ashfield, Waters & Synard, 2017) is more widely accepted in Europe, however this trend is becoming more approachable across the globe.



Hefferon, K., Ashfield, A., Waters, L., & Synard, J. (2017). Understanding optimal human functioning–The ‘call for qual’ in exploring human flourishing and well-being.


Recommended reading

Ivtzan, I., Lomas, T., Hefferon, K., & Worth, P. (2015). Second wave positive psychology: Embracing the dark side of life. Routledge.